About the Primary Curriculum
Dr. Montessori believed that no human being is educated by another person. Each person must do it them self. A truly educated individual continues learning long after the hours and years he or she spends in the classroom because that person is motivated from within by a natural curiosity and love for knowledge. Dr. Montessori felt, therefore, that the goal of early childhood education should be not to fill the child with facts from a pre-selected course of studies, but rather to cultivate the child’s own natural desire to learn.
In the Montessori classroom this objective is approached in two ways. First, by allowing each child to experience the excitement of learning by his or her own choice, rather than being forced and second, by helping the child perfect his or her natural tools for learning so that the child’s abilities will be maximized for future learning situations. The Montessori materials have this dual, long-range purpose in addition to their immediate purpose of giving specific information to the child.
A Montessori 3-6 environment is truly a House of Children. Children are free to choose their tasks. They are invited, but never required, to carry out a number of tasks. The adult is constantly observing and striving to meet their physical, mental, and emotional needs. And, once they have begun to concentrate on a piece of work, the adult respects this choice and concentration and does not interrupt.
At this age we give the child, who is voraciously devouring experiences, the basic elements of all future studies - biology, art, geography, geometry, math, music, and language.